XVI Survey (2014) - Graduates’ employment condition

Entrepreneurship and innovation: the graduates’ role

The 16th Survey on Graduates’ Employment Conditions, presented on the occasion of the Conference “Entrepreneurship and innovation: the graduates’ role” held at the Bologna University on March10, 2014, has involved nearly 450,000 graduates from all the 64 Universities that are members of AlmaLaurea. The Survey refers to 220,000 post reform first and second level graduates interviewed at one year from graduation; all the 2010 second level graduates (more than 72,000) interviewed at 3 years from the achievement of the degree and all the 2008 second level graduates (more than 54,000) investigated at five years from the completion of their studies.
Finally, two specific investigations, usually run by AlmaLaurea,  have focused on the first-level graduates of 2010 and 2008 that did not continue their university studies (nearly 53,000 and more than 44,000), interviewed respectively at three and five years after graduation. In addition to the detailed analysis of the recent trends in the labor market, the survey deepened the following issues: the entrepreneurship of the Italian graduates in times of economic crisis, highlighting characteristics and propensities of those who decide to undertake entrepreneurial activities; the second level Italian graduates working abroad. The latter have been involved in a specific web survey, with good response rates, that has allowed us to outline the reasons behind their choices, the difficulties encountered in moving abroad, the opinion about the actions that our country should take to limit the so-called "brain drain".


Entrepreneurship and innovation: the graduates’ role

The effective framework on the employment condition of graduates, outlined by Andrea Cammelli, can be deepened thanks to the numerous and timely analysis collected in the traditional Volume. All the achieved outcomes are also graphically available and easily viewable by browsing the slides, enriched by selected comments from the Volume. Finally, it is also possible to watch and listen to the videos of the Conference’ speeches, by referring to the graphic presentation.


Outline by Andrea Cammelli (pdf)

Survey results - Synthesis (video, Italian)

Volume (pdf, Italian)

Slides (Italian)



The entire documentation after one, three and five years from the graduation

Factors like employment conditions, time needed by graduates for accessing the labour market, kind of contract, earnings, effectiveness of a degree for finding a job etc. are examined for each university, degree subject grouping, faculty, degree course, kind of degree and gender.

Methodological notes


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Graduates' Profile

This report of AlmaLaurea gives the picture of the human capital coming from universities. It can be considered a reference point for all the people interested in every single aspect of the Italian university system.

Graduates' Profile

The Library of AlmaLaurea

The volumes of AlmaLaurea are a support to your further analysis on subjects like academic studies and youths’ employment conditions.

AlmaLaurea Library



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