University graduates and the job market
The educational experience of more than 270,000 graduates in 2016 and the employment status of 620,000 first- and second-level graduates interviewed after one, three and five years from graduation are the numbers of the 19th Report on the Profile and the Employment Status of Italian Graduates presented during the conference "University and skills in the second phase of globalisation".
"The goal", said the Director of AlmaLaurea, Professor Marina Timoteo, "is to discuss the employment prospects of our graduates in an international context characterised by increased mobility of highly skilled workers and a redefinition of those same skills.
A report that, as underlined by the Minister of Education, University and Research, Valeria Fedeli, "truly represents a comprehensive picture. In fact, it enables us to very clearly measure the effectiveness and efficiency of the service that the Italian system of state and non-state universities offers to the country".
The surveys show some positive signs: constancy in studies is increasing, as is the share of those who have experience abroad and curricular internships, not to mention increases in the level of employment, pay and the effectiveness of the degree for both first- and second-level graduates.
"For the second consecutive year AlmaLaurea data point to a slight improvement in employment and enrolments", says AlmaLaurea President Ivano Dionigi, "but to return to the pre-recession situation will require the commitment of all involved. The government and institutions must guarantee the right to study in line with art. 34 of the Constitution, companies must commit to hire more graduates and universities have to offer more online courses in line with the demands of the market".
In fact, in the long run the values are still rising, although the effects of the recession continue to affect the employment performance of students who graduated in those years.
In this context, there is a clear and urgent need to implement appropriate policies of student support and orientation towards a university education.
"The University is still struggling to make itself an indispensable social elevator and is still not yet a resource available to everyone", says Valeria Fedeli. There is a need for stronger student support and effective orientation policies".
The contents of the Report fit within the context of an international scenario, that of the second phase of globalisation. "We chose to focus on international scenarios, starting with Europe", said Director Marina Timoteo, "since almost half of Italian university graduates, as AlmaLaurea figures show, are willing to move abroad. Specifically, 49% declare themselves available to work in a European state. Compared with 2006, the figure has increased by 11 percentage points. Graduates are looking even further, with China becoming the preferred non-European destination, surpassing the United States".