Industrial Sector: the most popular degrees, contract types and salaries
The 2017 Report by the AlmaLaurea Interuniversity Consortium on the employment status of graduates, which involved 103,000 2011 second-level graduates five years after graduation, analysed which degrees are most popular in this sector and the characteristics of those who are employed in this area: type of work activity, salaries, effectiveness of the degree and use of skills.
Nineteen percent of 2011 two-year master's and single-cycle graduates employed after five years from graduation work in the Industrial sector. They are mainly men (60%), especially in the branches of mechanical engineering and precision mechanics where the share of males is close to 70%. In construction, chemistry and energy and in the manufacturing industry, on the other hand, the male component is below 60%.
The graduates employed in this sector mainly have degrees in architecture and construction engineering-architecture (14%), economics and business sciences (11%), mechanical engineering (10%), engineering management and civil engineering (both 6%). These are followed by others with values below 5%: electronic engineering, pharmacology and industrial pharmacology, land and environmental engineering, law, biology, aerospace engineering and astronautics, chemical engineering and business.
What is certain is that some branches offer more opportunities than others.
Therefore the metalworking and precision mechanics industry mainly employ graduates of mechanical engineering (25%), business (13%) and engineering management (10%). Graduates of architecture and construction engineering-architecture (53%) and civil engineering (20%) are the most popular degrees in construction.
Graduates involved in chemistry and energy are more diversified: here we find graduates in pharmacology and industrial pharmacology (12%) and business (10%), but also in mechanical engineering, biology and chemical engineering (all 6%) and chemical sciences and engineering management (both 5%).
Finally, in the branch of other manufacturing industry the graduates mostly come from business (16%), management engineering and electronics (both 7%).
The type of work performed, as well as the salaries earned by graduates, are highly differentiated with respect to the sector in which they work.
Thus, five years after graduation, 69% of those employed in industry have a permanent employment contract, a value that is well above the average of 52%. The percentage rises to 86% among graduates in the field of mechanical engineering and precision mechanics, and falls to 32% for those who work in construction.
Ten percent of graduates have a fixed-term employment contract, five percent lower than the average, without any particular distinction at the branch level. On the other hand, 15% are self-employed (24% of all employed), a figure that reaches 52% of those employed in construction and falls to 2% among graduates involved in mechanical engineering and precision mechanics.
The Industry sector offers salaries that are significantly higher than the average for employees in other sectors: five years after graduation 1,594 euros per month compared to the 1,390 euros of the group as a whole. The value certainly reflects the lower number of part-time workers, only 5% of those employed in Industry, while it represents 16% of the total number of employed. In particular, the highest salaries are earned by those employed in mechanical engineering and precision mechanics, 1,723 euros per month net, and in the chemistry and energy sector, 1,673 euros. The wages of graduates in the construction sector are significantly lower, 1,382 euros.